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Does Deforestation Lead to Biodiversity Loss?

June 20, 2023 - By Zoha Mariyam, Age 12, India

Have you ever wondered why forests are so important? They are not only home to many animals and plants, but they also help to regulate the Earth’s climate by absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Unfortunately, deforestation, the process of cutting down trees in large areas, is causing significant damage to the Earth’s biodiversity, leading to many negative consequences. In this article, we will explore the causes and consequences of deforestation, its impact on global biodiversity, and the course of action that we can take to address this issue.

Causes of Deforestation

One of the main causes of deforestation is human activities such as logging, agriculture, and urbanisation. These activities often require large areas of land, leading to the clearing of forests to make room for crops, livestock, or human settlements. Illegal logging is also a significant contributor to deforestation, with many trees being cut down without permission and sold on the black market.

Check this out next: 3 Facts About Deforestation for Kids

Consequences of Deforestation

Deforestation has many negative consequences, including the loss of biodiversity. When forests are cut down, many animals and plants lose their habitat and food sources, leading to a decline in their populations or even extinction. Deforestation also affects the quality of soil and water, leading to the degradation of ecosystems and the loss of important ecological services.

It is also responsible for climate change causing extinction of many species globally.

Global Perspective

Deforestation is a global issue that affects many countries, particularly in tropical regions such as the Amazon rainforest in South America, the Congo Basin in Africa, and the Southeast Asian rainforests. According to the World Wildlife Fund, between 1990 and 2016, the world lost 502,000 square miles of forest, an area equivalent to the size of South Africa.

Examples and Stats

The loss of forests has a significant impact on biodiversity. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, around 80% of terrestrial biodiversity can be found in forests. A study published in the journal Science estimated that the world loses around 18.7 million acres of forest each year, an area equivalent to the size of Panama. 

Forest loss can cause 10% of global warming, according to WWF.

Check this out next: 5 of the Most Endangered Animals in the World

Course of Action

There are several actions that we can take to address deforestation and protect biodiversity. One important step is to support sustainable forestry practices that aim to reduce the negative impact of logging on forest ecosystems. We can also reduce our consumption of products that contribute to deforestation, such as palm oil, beef, and soy. We can also follow “REDUCE, REUSE, RECYCLE” rule to stop this arising issue.

We must protect our local habitats and make wildlife possible by planting Trees, donating to agencies and charities which create awareness on such global issues.

Governments can also play a critical role in protecting forests by creating protected areas, enforcing laws against illegal logging, and promoting reforestation initiatives. Finally, raising awareness about the importance of forests and their role in protecting biodiversity can also help to mobilise action and support conservation efforts.


In conclusion, deforestation is a significant threat to global biodiversity and has many negative consequences for ecosystems, wildlife, and people. It is our responsibility to take action to address this issue and protect our planet’s natural resources. By supporting sustainable forestry practices, reducing our consumption of products that contribute to deforestation, and advocating for forest conservation, we can help to ensure a healthy and sustainable future for our planet

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